Crl.Acquittal Appeal.No.D-05 of 2023.






 Mr. Justice Adnan Iqbal Chaudhry,

 Mr. Justice Zulfiqar Ali Sangi,

     For hearing of main case.


           Mr. Waqar Ahmed Chandio, Advocate for appellant.


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ZULFIQAR  ALI  SANGI, J;- Through listed Criminal Acquittal Appeal, appellant/complainant Gulsher Lahbar has assailed the judgment dated 20.01.2023, passed by learned 2nd Additional Sessions Judge, Kamber, in Sessions Case No.219/2022       (Re. St. Vs. Aqeel Ahmed and another), outcome of FIR bearing Crime No.23/2022, for offence punishable U/S.302, 201 & 34 PPC,  registered with Police Station, Nasirabad, whereby the private respondents/accused were acquitted by extending them benefit of doubt. 

2.     The facts of the case are already mentioned in memo of FIR and Crl.Acquittal Appeal, hence the same need not to be repeated.


3.     At trial, the prosecution examined in all ten witnesses who produced certain relevant documents in support of their statements. Thereafter, the learned State Counsel closed its side.



4.     The private respondents/accused in their statements recorded in terms of Section 342 Cr.PC denied the allegations leveled against them by pleading their innocence. However, they neither examined themselves on oath nor led any evidence in their defence. 


5.     The learned trial Court after hearing the counsels for the parties and evaluation of the evidence, acquitted the private respondents/accused by way of impugned judgment, as discussed above.

6.     Per learned counsel for the appellant/complainant that learned trial Court has passed the judgment in violation of law and there was sufficient material available on record to convict the private respondents/accused but learned trial Court acquitted them on flimsy grounds; that the evidence of complainant was corroborated by his witnesses and no major contradiction was noticed in their evidence; that the judgment passed by the learned trial Court is not based on sound reasoning. Lastly, he prayed for setting aside of the impugned judgment and allowing of the instant criminal acquittal appeal.

7.     Heard learned counsel for the appellant/complainant and perused the material made available on the record.

8.     The careful re-assessment of the material and evidence adduced by the prosecution at trial is entailing that the FIR of the incident has been lodged with considerable delay which reflects consultation. Further, the names of private respondents are not placed in the FIR but they were joined subsequently on the statements of PWs Manthar Ali and Muhammad Ilyas, recorded with inordinate delay of six days, for no obvious reasons, who claimed themselves to be eye-witnesses of the occurrence, which is appearing to be somewhat astonishing and not attracting to a judicial certainty. Moreover, none has seen the private respondents committing death of the deceased by means of fire arm injuries and then setting his dead body on fire in a paddy heap, causing disappearance of the evidence. This piece of evidence itself is sufficient to render the entire story of the complainant to be highly doubtful. Thus, without going into other contradictions in the evidence of prosecution witnesses, we deem it appropriate that the learned trial Court has rightly recorded acquittal of the private respondents.


9.     It is well settled by now that the scope of appeal against acquittal is very narrow and there is a double presumption of innocence and that the Courts generally do not interfere with the same unless they find the reasoning in the impugned judgment to be perverse, arbitrary, foolish, artificial, speculative and ridiculous as was held by the Honourable Supreme      Court in case of State Versus Abdul Khaliq and others       (PLD 2011 SC-554), wherein the Hon’ble Supreme Court has held as under;-

From the ratio of all the above pronouncements and those cited by the learned counsel for the parties, it can be deduced that the scope of interference in appeal against acquittal is most narrow and limited because in an acquittal the presumption of innocence is significantly added to the cardinal rule of criminal jurisprudence, that an accused shall be presumed to be innocent until proved guilty; in other words, the presumption of innocence is doubled. The courts shall be very slow in interfering with such an acquittal judgment, unless it is shown to be perverse, passed in gross violation of law, suffering from the errors of grave misreading or non-reading of the evidence; such judgments should not be lightly interfered and heavy burden lies on the prosecution to rebut the presumption of innocence which the accused has earned and attained on account of his acquittal. It has been categorically held in a plethora of judgments that interference in a judgment of acquittal is rare and the prosecution must show that there are glaring errors of law and fact committed by the Court in arriving at the decision, which would result into grave miscarriage of justice; the acquittal judgment is perfunctory or wholly artificial or a shocking conclusion has been drawn. Moreover, in number of dictums of this Court, it has been categorically laid down that such judgment should not be interjected until the findings are perverse, arbitrary, foolish, artificial, speculative and ridiculous (Emphasis supplied). The Court of appeal should not interfere simply for the reason that on the re-appraisal of the evidence a different conclusion could possibly be arrived at, the factual conclusions should not be upset, except when palpably perverse, suffering from serious and material factual infirmities. It is averred in The State v. Muhammad Sharif (1995 SCMR 635) and Muhammad Ijaz Ahmad v. Raja Fahim Afzal and 2 others (1998 SCMR 1281) that the Supreme Court being the final forum would be chary and hesitant to interfere in the findings of the Courts below. It is, therefore, expedient and imperative that the above criteria and the guidelines should be followed in deciding these appeals.


10.    Based upon above discussion that the learned trial Court has committed no illegality or irregularity while recording acquittal of the private respondents/accused by way of impugned judgment, which even otherwise is based upon sound reasoning, therefore, it does not call for any interference by this Court by way of instant Criminal Acquittal Appeal, the same being devoid of merits is dismissed in limine together with listed applications.